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Posts Tagged ‘America’


Intermission
Nirupama Subramanian | Harper Collins | Rs 250

There was a time when Indians working in the US did not dream of returning home. That is not true anymore. At least not of the engineers and techies that are returning in droves and setting up shop in Bangalore and Gurgaon. Why this shift? Subramanian offers no insights. Instead she uses both these places as a backdrop to spin a story on an extra marital affair between a CEO of a start-up company and a Punjabi beauty. Life is so difficult, she moans, when her maid runs away with a driver. If only the garbage, the poverty, the potholes and the pigs would disappear…

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The Columbus Affair
Steve Berry | Hodder | Rs 395

“For 500 years historians have pondered the question: Who was Christopher Columbus? The answer is simply another question: Who do you want him to be?” This is how Steve Berry, the bestselling author of The Jefferson Key, introduces us to his version of Columbus. Combining legends, facts and creative fiction, Berry takes the reader on a thrilling adventure that spans Europe, America, Jamaica and South America to reconstruct the story of the Spaniard that has captured the imagination of several generations of conspiracy theorists. You may buy his story, or you may not. The thrill is in how you read it.

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Sachin: A Hundred Hundreds Now
V Krishnaswamy | Harper Sport | Rs 250

On 16 March 2012 at Mirpur in Dhaka (Bangladesh) after opening the innings for India, Sachin nudged the ball to behind the square leg in the 44th over to cross the final barrier: a hundred centuries in international cricket. In this account of the master batsman’s incredible journey, sportswriter V Krishnaswamy takes us through every hundred, every peak scaled on Sachin’s way to the top.  Along the way he also looks at two other sportsmen, Viswanathan Anand and Leander Paes, to understand the sporting world in which Sachin flourished. The book includes introduction by Rahul Dravid and Sachin’s coach Ramakant Achrekar.

(An edited version of the above reviews appeared in the Sunday edition of Mail Today, New Delhi, dated 17 June 2012)

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Making News, Breaking News, Her Own Way
Ed. by Latika Padgaonkar & Shubha Singh | Tranquebar |Rs 250

In the 1980s, “Newspaper owners, all male, hired editors, all male, who in turn hired other males to cover politics, the economy and foreign affairs,” writes Shahnaz Anklesaria Aiyar in this collection of essays that highlights the lonely road women reporters took to break the mould. Men those days “… hustled in and out of power structures like the North and South Block, defence and foreign affairs ministries …leaving vast areas affecting human condition to be covered by women.” It’s been four decades since and some things still remain the same. But there has been change too, as the essays in this book attest.

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Delhi OMG
Vinod Nair | Om Books International | Rs 195

Over the last decade there has been a perceptible change in the way Indian writers are looking at India and her mores. Interestingly, many of them do so after a brief stint in the West. Suddenly, all that they grew up with becomes offensive and worthy of disdain. Nair, who trains his guns at Delhi, is one of them. The city of Delhi, he informs us, has pavements that are used by hawkers not people; has women journalists that are no better than prostitutes of GB road; and, has cinema halls that screen blue films in the morning shows. Need one say, anything more?

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Over the Rainbow
Paul Pickering | Simon & Schuster| Rs 450

Over the Rainbow is an unusual story about love and conflict that takes a leaf from the famous medieval tales of Amir Hamza. On the face of it, the story of love is told through its two protagonists, an Irish American pilot, Malone and a female Pakistani ISI agent, Fatima Hamza and the conflict is served up by war-ravaged Afghanistan, yet beyond it is a tale that’s much older, more poignant than anything that the West has known. In its pages you’ll encounter the Taliban, the American and German soldiers, war and brutality, as well as poppy farmers, Djins, devas and yes, good and bad witches.

(An edited version of the above reviews appeared in the Sunday edition of the Mail Today, New Delhi, dated 29 April 2012)

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The highly popular programme on the idiot box, Sach Ka Samna (lit. Face the Truth, modelled on Moment of Truth, an American show)  has raised complex questions that cannot be answered with a simple True or False polygraph tests. The Delhi High Court recent ruling on the issue throws this complexity back at its citizens by declaring that “In this land of Gandhi, it appears that nobody follows Gandhi…Follow the Gandhi principle of ‘see no evil’. Why do you not simply switch off the TV?”

So here we are, back in front of the TV wondering what is that we like and dislike about the programme. Is it the indignation that the questions arouse, the voyeurism or the pot of gold that attracts the participants and the viewers alike?

In his highly engaging book, On Identity, Lebanese writer and thinker Amin Maalouf, takes the moral dilemma that we experience head on, “Each one of us,” he writes “has two heritages, a ‘vertical’ one that comes to us from our ancestors, our religious community and our popular traditions, and a ‘horizontal’ one transmitted to us by our contemporaries and by the age we live in.”

Seen from this perspective, the objections cited by the Samajwadi Party MP Kamal Akhtar and Ms Najma Heptullah fall into the vertical heritage, and hence deserve our attention. When Mr Akhtar refers to the programme as ‘ashleel’ (debasing or obscene) he’s only voicing what many others also feel.

Take for instance, the episodes that featured the 60-year-old actor, Yusuf Hussain, telecast on 16 and 17 July 2009. Mr Hussain arrived on the sets with his wife (Kanchan), girlfriend (Jezebel), daughter (Safina), son-in-law (Hansal Mehta) and brother (Habib Hussain). Here is a highlight of some of the questions that were posed to the actor:

Have you stolen bed sheets from hotels?

Did you try to save any of your three marriages?

Do you have a child out of wedlock?

If Jezebel threatens to leave you unless you marry her, will you marry her?

Have you had sex with a woman younger than your daughter, Safina?

Have you had sex with a prostitute?

Do you believe you can be loyal to one woman?

Taking cue from the complex social fabric prevalent in the country, the producers of the programme it would appear thought it ‘exciting’ to feature a Muslim man, thrice married and living with his girlfriend. A similar approach was adopted by the makers of Rakhi ka Swayamwar, when they knowingly included a married Muslim man with three children as one of the contestants/suitors. He was rejected by Rakhi Sawant, who on screen, true to Bollywood siren adaa, expressed shock and disgust at his overtures. The participant, Arther Pervez, ousted since then, has gone on record to say that the producers of ‘Swayamwar’ were well aware of his marital status before inviting him to participate in the show.

While we may adopt many things, via the ‘horizontal heritage’ from the West including its culture seeped in Christian Puritanism — almost all questions in SKS revolve around the Seven Deadly Sins (pride, envy, gluttony, lust, anger, greed and sloth) and the Ten Commandments (such as honour thy mother and father, thou shall not kill, thou shall not commit adultery, thou shall not steel, thy shall not bear false witness against thy neighbour, thou shall not covet your neighbours wife and thou shall not covet thy neighbours goods)  — other cultural norms are rarely borrowed.

For example, in the United States, where Moment of Truth ran successfully, thumb rule is that every citizen, especially every member of a minority, should encounter recognizable names and faces when he watches television, and should see himself/ herself presented positively to prevent him from feeling excluded from the national community. There is no doubt in this instance that neither, Arther Pervez nor Yusuf Hussain, nor the minority community watching the show, felt positive about depiction of its community.

The cry against SKS, however, goes beyond ridiculing a community. More importantly, it touches upon our shared ‘cultural values’.  When Ms Heptullah questions the purpose of the programme, by asking if a girl decides to become pregnant as a minor, it is her problem, “Why should that be said in public?” she’s voicing the prevalent social mores that advise ‘dishonourable’ acts to be swept under the carpet. The Minister for Information and Broadcasting, Ambika Soni, is no different when she claims that “A ‘Lakshman Rekha’ is required. We are copying Western culture and a line needs to be drawn somewhere.”

As in the rest of Asia, India is yet to come to grips with its new self. While on one hand, age old social norms of patriarchy and feaudalism (including honour killings) continue to underpin our society, the push of globalization have made us less different from each other. As Maalouf, aptly says, “If we assert our differences so fiercely it is precisely because we are less and less different from one another. Because despite our conflicts and our age-old enmities, each day that goes by reduces our differences and increases our likeness a little bit more.”

This of course, raises a far more important question and that is, are we headed for an insipid world where increasingly everyone will speak only one language, share the same bunch of minimal beliefs, and watch the same American TV programmes (Moment of Truth has run successfully in 42 countries), munching the same burgers?

It is likely that Gandhi’s answer to this question would not be a simple don’t see evil, hear no evil or say no evil.

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